A construction licence was issued in January 2008. The 200 MWt (72 MWe) HTR-modul was then designed by Siemens/Interatom and licensed in 1989, but was not constructed. Also under BMU, the Entsorgungskommission (ESK) or Waste Management Commission operates. Its initial recommendations offering a "comprehensive approach to responsible and safe disposal of all radioactive waste" were adopted by the cabinet in August 2015, with the plan to be submitted to the EC for approval. Annual consumption is about 6300 kWh per capita. In February 2017 EnBW received a decommissioning and dismantling licence for Neckarwestheim 1; and in April 2017 the same for Phillipsburg 1 from the Baden-Württemberg ministry of environment. The seven power stations still in … In December 2014 EnBW said it would file suit against the federal and state governments, on the same basis as RWE, which was awarded €235 million (which has been appealed by the Hesse state government). 1960 - West Germany’s first industrial nuclear power plant opens in Kahl. Next year the team hope to have identified potential storage sites in Germany (there are no plans to export the waste). It is now considered a possible site for geological disposal of high-level wastes. Some 80 GNS employees at both sites were transferred to BGZ, while around 70 GNS employees at its headquarters in Essen will become responsible for the administration of BGZ. © 2020 Cable News Network. In any case, increased nuclear capacity in several of those neighbouring countries – and pre-eminently France – could easily, by 2020, supply 25,000 MWe through much-expanded interconnection. These exports have a similar effect in neighbouring countries as in Germany, depressing wholesale power prices and compromising the profitability of gas-fired generation. NB. In addition, all HLW disposed of in any German repository must be retrievable during the entire period the repository is operated. Platts Power in Europe Annual consumption is about 6300 kWh per capita. Hence many power stations with higher marginal costs are displaced from the market by merit-order effect, and this has been seen most acutely with gas-fired plants, where average capacity factor had dropped to 23% in 2016. Sean Gallup/Getty Images, Hear Merkel's plea to Germans amid record Covid-19 death toll. During 2015, the main exports were 23.7 TWh to Belgium (half going onto the Netherlands), 14.5 TWh to Austria, 12.5 TWh to Switzerland, 11.5 TWh to France, 8.2 TWh to the UK, 10.7 TWh to Poland. Vattenfall equity: Brunsbüttel 66.7%, Krümmel 50%. Most coal capacity is not likely to be shut down before 2020. In June 2000 a compromise was announced which saved face for the government and secured the uninterrupted operation of the nuclear plants for many years ahead. Originally published in German as Atomausstieg geht in die nächste Phase: Stromversorgung bleibt sicher – große Herausforderungen und hohe Kosten bei Rückbau und Endlagerung, DIW Wochenbericht Nr. The separated HLW from this was 60 m3 in liquid form, and after a series of political delays it was vitrified in 2009-10. A poll late in 1997 showed that some 81% of Germans wanted existing nuclear plants to continue operating, the highest level for many years and well up from the 1991 figure of 64%. In 2016 E.ON spun off Uniper, which was to take over all its nuclear assets in 2016, but in the event left German nuclear plants with E.ON. The German Atomic Forum (Deutsches Atomforum, DAtF), said: "In addition to the process and criteria, the commission has also developed a comprehensive and extremely ambitious involvement process that should give citizens, particularly in affected regions, far-reaching opportunities for participation. Updated This is the “wicked problem” facing Germany as it closes all of its nuclear power plants in the coming years, according to Professor Miranda Schreurs, part of the team searching for a storage site. This also raised the possibility of shifting some of the cost burden onto industries which had been exempt from the EEG surcharge or Umlage. The seven power stations still in operation today are due to close by 2022. In January 2013 the Hamburg Tax Court ruled more definitely that the German tax on nuclear fuel is simply "to siphon off the profits of the nuclear plant operators" and therefore unconstitutional. The court's judgement said that the tax does not qualify under the constitution as a consumption tax, and anyway those should not be applied to single-purpose supplies like nuclear fuel. In May 2012 Germany announced plans to upgrade and expand its electricity grid over the next decade in order to help renewable energy sources fill the gap left by its phase-out of nuclear power. In 2012 eight reactors were prematurely shut down by government edict, for political reasons. PHOTO: (Photo by RONALDO SCHEMIDT / AFP) (Photo by RONALDO SCHEMIDT/AFP via Getty Images), PHOTO: In September 2016 Vattenfall was given permission by the state government to transfer 990 fuel assemblies from the storage pool at Krümmel into CASTOR dry storage casks onsite. Decommissioning the currently operating reactors is expected to produce some 115,000 cubic metres of decommissioning wastes. Renewable electricity fed into the grid was paid for by the network operators at fixed feed-in tariffs (FITs), the costs being passed onto electricity consumers, so that there are no subsidies by the government itself. Robert Bryce, Energy Policies and Electricity Prices – Cautionary Tales from the E.U., Manhattan Institute (March 2016), © 2016-2020 World Nuclear Association, registered in England and Wales, number 01215741. The price of globally traded hard coal has dropped in the past few years, partly because shale-gas-rich America is exporting so much. Bundesverband der Energie- und Wasserwirtschaft (BDEW) Press Conference 10 January 2013, Developments in the German electricity and gas sector in 2012 In October 2015 the government approved plans for about 1000 km of high-voltage transmission lines from the north and close to populated areas to be built underground. 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